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Solutions Series Roundtable: Arctic Security

On Thursday, August 24th Partnership for a Secure America held an off-the-record roundtable dinner for alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program to discuss development of an American strategy for the Arctic. The discussion focused on strategic competition with Russia, the current state of strategic assets in the region, and the potential costs and benefits of a US pivot to the North Pole.


Arctic Security 

The Arctic has been a region fairly devoid of conflict; the small club of Arctic states has proven able to resolve differences through diplomacy. However the physical and political environment of the Arctic is shifting rapidly; increasingly aggressive melt of sea ice has created new access to natural resources and potential shipping lanes. Russia and China have moved quickly to invest in the Arctic – though China’s nearest coast is 900 miles from the Arctic Circle, over half of the total arctic coastline is sovereign Russian territory and nearly half of the region’s human population is Russian administered. Russia has launched an extensive military buildup along its Arctic coast, and has made formal claims to areas of the Arctic seabed under UNCLOS. US activity in the arctic is hampered by a lack of deployed strategic assets (icebreakers, cutters, etc.), a murky command structure, and a lack of overall strategic direction.

Key Details

Actors

  • Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia, USA
    • Arctic Council (forum)
    • NATO members: US, Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Norway

Environment

  • Ice melt is opening up new potential shipping lanes through ”Northern Sea Route”
    • Canada, Russia, US experience the most extreme Arctic changes

Resources

  • US extended continental shelf:
    • 13% of world oil reserves
    • 1/3 of gas reserves
    • $1 trillion in rare earth metals
  • Arctic at large:
    • $35 trillion in oil and gas reserves

Strategic Assets

  • US
    • 2 icebreakers (1 under repair)
      • USCG says they need 6 to fulfill current N+S pole requirements
    • 41 ice-capable attack subs
    • 3 combat brigades (airborne, mechanized, recon)
    • 3 fighter squadrons (F-16 & F-22)
  • Russian Arctic buildup
    • New Arctic command
    • 4 new Arctic brigades
    • 14 new operational airfields
    • 16 deep water ports
    • 40 icebreakers (11 in development)
    • 25 ice-capable attack subs

 

Solutions Series Roundtable: North Korea

On Thursday, June 22nd Partnership for a Secure America held an off-the-record roundtable dinner for alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program to discuss the growing North Korea crisis. The discussion focused on the current state of legislative activity seeking to address the crisis, and potential opportunities for collaboration on new approaches.


Issue Background

 

2017 has seen the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) test 24 individual ballistic missiles, including short range, medium range, and submarine launched varieties. This is a continuation of the pattern of aggressive missile testing commenced by Kim Jong-un in 2012. DPRK has conducted 6 nuclear test detonations since 2006; the most recent test (held in September 2017) demonstrated a yield of over 140 kilotons, and is generally agreed to confirm DPRK’s development of thermonuclear capabilities. Current projections indicate that US military assets in Guam, Japan, and the Republic of Korea (ROK) are within striking distance of DPRK’s missiles, as well as Tokyo and Seoul – which together contain some 23 million citizens. In the months following this event, North Korea has performed several successful missile tests which place American cities from Los Angeles to Chicago within reach of their nuclear weapons.

 

PSA Launches Series with the Embassy of Japan

Partnership for a Secure America is excited to announce a new partnership with the Embassy of Japan for 2017 titled The Worldview Series: Japan. This is the second installment of PSA’s program, The Worldview Series which aims to build deeper understanding of the important decisions American policy-makers face regarding U.S. foreign policy The Embassy of Japan and PSA have designed this program to improve congressional insight on Japan to better inform U.S. foreign policy decisions on Capitol Hill.

The series features off-the-record events with leading Japan experts from government, think tank, business, and academic arenas. Focusing on a holistic understanding of Japan’s economic, security, and domestic situation, this program aims to build a deeper understanding of the important decisions American policy-makers face regarding US-Japan relations.

The Embassy of Japan is an educational participant in the Mutual Education and Cultural Exchange Act, authorized by the U.S. Department of State.

Off-the-Record Discussion with Sec. Chuck Hagel

On May 4th, the Partnership for a Secure America held an off-the-record dinner for alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program with Secretary Chuck Hagel, former Secretary of Defense and Senator from Nebraska to discuss today’s foreign policy and national security challenges.

 

This was a closed event for alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program.


Secretary Chuck Hagel 

Chuck Hagel served as the 24th Secretary of Defense from February 2013 to February 2015. During his tenure, he directed significant steps to modernize America’s partnerships and alliances, advance the rebalance in Asia-Pacific, bolster support for European allies, and enhance defense cooperation in the Middle East while overseeing the end of America’s combat mission in Afghanistan. In addition, he led major initiatives for service members and their families, including increasing resources for suicide prevention, combating sexual assault, and accounting for missing personnel.  Further, Secretary Hagel improved partnerships with the Department of Veterans Affairs, to include health record interoperability, service treatment record transferability, and continuity of mental health services and support.  Secretary Hagel launched the Defense Innovation Initiative to better prepare the Pentagon for future threats, and enacted comprehensive reforms to the Nuclear Enterprise and Military Health system. He is the only Vietnam veteran and the first enlisted combat veteran to serve as Secretary of Defense.

Hagel served two terms in the United States Senate (1997-2009) representing the state of Nebraska. Hagel was a senior member of the Senate Foreign Relations; Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs; and Intelligence Committees. He Chaired the Foreign Relations International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion Subcommittee; and the Banking Committee’s International Trade and Finance, and Securities Subcommittees. Hagel also served as the Chairman of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China and the Senate Climate Change Observer Group.

Previously, Secretary Hagel was a Distinguished Professor at Georgetown University, Co-Chairman of the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board, Chairman of the Atlantic Council, Chairman of the United States of America Vietnam War Commemoration Advisory Committee, and Co-Chairman of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund Corporate Council. He served as a member of the Secretary of Defense’s Policy Board, Secretary of Energy’s Blue Ribbon Commission on the Future of Nuclear Power, the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Board of Directors and Systemic Risk Council; as a Senior Advisor to Gallup; and on the Advisory Boards of Corsair Capital, Deutsche Bank America, M.I.C. Industries, Bread for the World, Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation, Center for the Study of the Presidency, Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission, George C. Marshall Foundation, Georgetown’s Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, Global Strategy Forum, Global Zero, Hamilton Project, Initiative for Global Development, Lung Cancer Alliance, International Center for the Study Of Radicalization and Political Violence, National Bureau of Asian Research’s Next Generation Leadership Board, Ploughshares Fund, U.S. Global Leadership Coalition, U.S. Institute of Peace Middle East Senior Working Group, U.S. Middle East Project, America Abroad Media, American Security Project, and The Washington Center.

Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, Hagel was president of McCarthy & Company, an investment banking firm in Omaha, Nebraska. In the mid-1980’s, Hagel co-founded VANGUARD Cellular Systems, Inc., a publicly traded corporation.  He was President and CEO of the World USO, Private Sector Council (PSC), and Chief Operating Officer of the 1990 Economic Summit of Industrialized Nations (G-7 Summit).  Hagel also served as Deputy Administrator of the Veterans Administration under President Ronald Reagan and Deputy Commissioner General of the 1982 World’s Fair.

He is the author of the book, America: Our Next Chapter and was the subject of a 2006 book by Charlyne Berens entitled, Chuck Hagel: Moving Forward.

A graduate of the University of Nebraska at Omaha, Hagel and his wife, Lilibet, have a daughter (Allyn) and son (Ziller).

Off-the-Record Discussion with Paul Kurtz

On February 9th, Paul Kurtz, former Homeland Security Council and National Security Council Director, met with alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program for an off-the-record dinner where he discussed cyber security challenges facing Congress.

 

This is a closed event for alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program.

 

 


Paul Kurtz

Image result for paul kurtz homeland securityPaul Kurtz is a recognized cyber security expert and has held senior positions in both industry and government. He was the Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Critical Infrastructure Protection on the White House’s Homeland Security Council (HSC). He joined HSC from the National Security Council (NSC), where he was both Senior Director for National Security in the Office of Cyberspace Security and a member of the President’s Critical Infrastructure Protection Board.

He served on the NSC as Director for Counterterrorism from 1999-2001 and helped managed the response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Before the NSC he had a long career in the State Department, specializing in non-proliferation policy in strategic arms control. Kurtz earned his bachelor’s degree from Holy Cross College and his master’s in international public policy from the Johns Hopkins  University’s School of Advanced International Studies.

Off-the-Record Discussion with Sec. Madeleine Albright

On December 13th,  Madeleine Albright, former Secretary of State, met with alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program for an off-the-record dinner, where she discussed today’s foreign policy and national security issues.

 

This was a closed event for alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program.

 


Secretary Madeleine Albright

Madeleine Albright

Madeleine K. Albright is Chair of Albright Stonebridge Group, a global strategy firm, and Chair of Albright Capital Management LLC, an investment advisory firm focused on emerging markets. Dr. Albright was the 64th Secretary of State of the United States.

In 1997, she was named the first female Secretary of State and became, at that time, the highest ranking woman in the history of the U.S. government. As Secretary of State, Dr. Albright reinforced America’s alliances, advocated for democracy and human rights, and promoted American trade, business, labor, and environmental standards abroad. From 1993 to 1997, Dr. Albright served as the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations and was a member of the President’s Cabinet. From 1989 to 1992, she served as President of the Center for National Policy. Previously, she was a member of President Jimmy Carter’s National Security Council and White House staff and served as Chief Legislative Assistant to U.S. Senator Edmund S. Muskie.

Dr. Albright is a Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service. She chairs both the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs and the Pew Global Attitudes Project and serves as president of the Truman Scholarship Foundation. Dr. Albright serves on the Boards of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Aspen Institute and the Center for a New American Security. In 2009, Dr. Albright was asked by NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen to Chair a Group of Experts focused on developing NATO’s New Strategic Concept.

Dr. Albright is the author of four New York Times bestsellers: her autobiography, Madam Secretary: A Memoir, (2003); The Mighty and the Almighty: Reflections on America, God, and World Affairs (2006); Memo to the President: How We Can Restore America’s Reputation and Leadership (2008); and Read My Pins: Stories from a Diplomat’s Jewel Box (2009).

Dr. Albright received a B.A. with Honors from Wellesley College, and Master’s and Doctorate degrees from Columbia University’s Department of Public Law and Government, as well as a Certificate from its Russian Institute.

Off-the-Record Discussion with Gen. David Petraeus

On August 25, General David Petraeus (US Army, Ret.), former Director of the CIA and former Commander of the International Security Assistance Force, met with alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program for an off-the-record dinner, where he discussed today’s foreign policy and national security issues.

 

This was a closed event for alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program.

 


General David Petraeus

General David Petraeus

General Petraeus (US Army, Ret.) is one of the most prominent U.S. military figures of the post-9/11 era. During his 37-year career in the United States Army, General Petraeus was widely recognized for his leadership of the Surge in Iraq, which retrieved a desperate situation and reduced violence in Iraq by well over 85%; for his oversight of the organization that produced the U.S. Army’s counterinsurgency manual and overhauled all aspects of preparing U.S. Army leaders and units for deployment to combat; and for his command of coalition forces in Afghanistan as they reversed the momentum of the Taliban and enabled the commencement of the transition of tasks to Afghan forces and institutions.

A graduate with distinction from the United States Military Academy, General Petraeus is the only person in U.S. Army history to be the top graduate in both the U.S. Army’s challenging Ranger School and the year-long U.S. Army Command and General Staff College course. He also earned a Ph.D. in an interdisciplinary program of international relations and economics from Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and later completed a fellowship at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.
General Petraeus’ military career was distinguished by significant achievements during assignments in Cold War Europe, Central America, the United States, Haiti, Bosnia, Kuwait, Iraq, Afghanistan, and the greater Middle East and central Asia. His career culminated with six consecutive commands as a general officer, five of which were in combat, a record believed unmatched in the post-World War II era.

After General Petraeus’ retirement from the military, and following confirmation by the Senate with a vote of 94-0, he served as Director of the CIA, during which time the Agency played the central role in a number of important achievements in the global war on terror, established an overarching strategic campaign plan for the Agency, and pursued initiatives to invest additional resources in the Agency’s most important element, its human capital.

General Petraeus is now a Partner with the global investment firm KKR and the Chairman of the KKR Global Institute, a position he has held for over three years.

Solutions to the Zika Virus: Room for Bipartisanship?

On August 15, alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program (CPP) attended a dinner discussion on how the United States should engage with the international community to fight the Zika virus. Alumni will meet and discuss options for bipartisan action on this pressing global health issue.

This was a closed, off-the-record dinner for alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program 


Democrats and Republicans blame each other for not passing legislation that would address the Zika issue. Meanwhile, there are more than 5,000 confirmed cases of the virus in the US, with 12 babies born with birth defects. The Center for Disease Control has issued an unprecedented travel warning advising pregnant women not to go to a Miami neighborhood.

Participants discussed how Congress can contribute to fighting this terrible virus and what role the private sector can play in combating this problem in the United States and abroad.

General Michael V. Hayden: On CIA, NSA, and Security in the Digital Age

On July 12, General Michael V. Hayden (USAF, Ret.), former Director of the NSA and the CIA, met with alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program for an off-the-record dinner, where he discussed data security, cyber security, and privacy in relation to today’s foreign policy and national security issues.

Cyber attacks have become commonplace in the United States. The attack on Sony in 2014 marked a shift in cyber threats from pure espionage to industry destruction; the OPM breach in 2015  highlighted the flaws in the government’s security systems; and the FBI-Apple controversy brought the privacy-security debate back into the spotlight. As the former Director of both the CIA and NSA, General Hayden is uniquely qualified to speak about the ongoing and expanding cyber threats the U.S. faces today. General Hayden discussed the importance of cybersecurity within foreign policy as well as provide recommendations for how to best approach the increased prevalence of cyber threats.

 

This was a closed event for alumni of the Congressional Partnership Program.

 


General Michael Hayden

General Michael Hayden

General Hayden (USAF, Ret.) was the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency from 2006-2009, where he was responsible for overseeing the collection of information concerning the plans, intentions and capabilities of America’s adversaries; producing timely analysis for decision makers; and conducting covert operations to thwart terrorists and other enemies of the US.

Before becoming Director of the CIA, General Hayden served as the country’s first Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence and was the highest-ranking intelligence officer in the armed forces. Earlier, he served as Commander of the Air Intelligence Agency, Director of the Joint Command and Control Warfare Center, Director of the National Security Agency and Chief of the Central Security Service.

General Hayden graduated from Duquesne University with a bachelor’s degree in history in 1967 and a master’s degree in modern American history in 1969.  He also did postgraduate work at the Defense Intelligence School conducted by the Defense Intelligence Agency.  He is currently a Distinguished Visiting Professor at George Mason University.

 

 

 

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The War Within: Understanding the Fight Against Islamic Extremism

On May 23, Ambassador Alberto Fernandez, Former State Department Coordinator for the Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications, and Imam Suhiab Webb, founder of CenterDC, joined alumni and current participants in the Congressional Partnership Program (CPP) and discussed methods currently being used to counter Islamic extremism. This off-the-record round table discussion focused on how the government and local organizations are countering extremist recruitment and fundamentalist ideology.


Alberto Fernandez

Ambassador Fernandez is the Vice President, Middle East Media Research Institute  (MEMRI). Amb. Fernandez served as a U.S. Foreign Service Officer from 1983 to 2015, and as the State Department’s Coordinator for the Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications from March 2012 to February 2015.  He has served as ambassador to the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (2009-2012), Charge d’Affaires to the Republic of Sudan (2007-2009), and held senior public diplomacy positions at the U.S. Embassies in Afghanistan, Jordan, Syria, and Guatemala. Fernandez was the director of the office of press and public diplomacy in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs at the State Department from 2005 to 2007.


Suhaib Webb

Imam Webb is an American Muslim Scholar based out of Washington DC. He is a Graduate of University of Central Oklahoma with a background in Education & Azhar University from the College of Shariah (Islamic Law & Jurisprudence). He was named as one of the 500 Most Influential Muslims by The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre, which is an international Islamic non-governmental, independent institute headquartered in Amman, Jordan.